WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND HOW DOES IT WORK

Introduction

AI stands for Artificial Intelligence and it can be described as an intelligence which enables machines work like humans. It can be said that whenever a program, software or a computer does anything which usually requires the intelligence of a human being. AI can be regarded as anything which is capable enough to mimic human intelligence.

AI can be understood as a technology with an interdisciplinary approach. Though it is considered as a great find and a route to development, this advancement in machine learning is creating a paradigm shift virtually in almost every sector of the technological industry.

Concept

The scientific phenomenon of Artificial Intelligence is attained by using algorithms and coding patterns which effectuate insights from relevant data for the purpose of future decision-making and predictions.

So, we can say that it is a technological driven computer program which is able to perform the actions that require human intelligence. Some of the examples of tasks done with the help of AI are speech recognition, decision-making, visual perception and translation of languages.

Some of the real life examples of AI are:

  • Self-Driven Cars
  • Siri
  • Alexa
  • Boston Dynamics
  • Navigation Systems
  • Chat Boxes
  • Human v. Computer Games

In today’s time, AI is regarded as beneficial as it can help a normal living person to make everyday life easier by helping with some of the tasks such as shopping, searching, transportation or cleaning etc.

AI systems are used to demonstrate intelligent behavior, learn, exhibit, explain, and advice the users in working, decision making or problem solving assignments. Its biggest advantage is that it can act, think, work and understand like humans.

In the world of technological development where knowledge has some uncongenial attributes like volume of work which is next to unimaginable for humans to do in such limited time frame, organization of the work in a well-formatted system and last but not the least is the change. The work orientation and management keeps changing constantly and the ideas in the current era are mostly tech driven. Hence the application of AI has become an eminent need of today’s world.

AI brings a technique along which assists in organizing and using the available knowledge and information efficiently in such a way that it becomes perceivable by the people who provide it. AI technique leads to easy modification and proves out to be useful in many situations. AI techniques elevate the speed of execution of the complex programs.

Working

After understanding the concept of Artificial Intelligence, one needs to know about its application and operation. How AI actually works is the key.

Artificial Intelligence is an intangible asset and is majorly composed of some elements which play a vital role in its working and application.
Those elements are:

  • Learning
    It is regarded as an activity of gaining knowledge or skill by way of studying. This process helps in enhancing the awareness relating to the subjects of various studies. This ability of learning is usually possessed by humans or some animals only. But in the era of technological development, AI-enabled systems also possess this ability of learning. AI-enabled systems apply different kinds of learning methods to react to different situations. For instance, in situations which require an act of hearing and listening, the method of learning used is Auditory Learning. Cases where precise movements of muscles are required such as writing, dancing or picking an object, the method of learning used is Motor Learning. Similarly other methods of learning which are used by AI-enabled systems are Observational Learning, Perceptual Learning, Relational Learning, Spatial learning and Stimulus-Response Learning.
  • Reasoning
    AI-enabled systems conduct specific observations by way of learning done by it in order to make statements and examine the possibilities to reach a specific and logical conclusion.
  • Perception
    Perception which is generally considered as a process of acquiring, interpreting and organizing sensory information, the domain of AI puts the data gathered by the sensors for a meaningful execution.
  • Problem Solving
    It is the process in which one perceives and tries to arrive at a desired solution by taking some path. But the process of problem solving also includes decision making, which is the process of choosing the best suitable alternative out of multiple alternatives to reach the desired goal.
Conclusion

So we can say that Artificial Intelligence is a wide-ranging tool which enables humans to rethink how we interfuse the information, analyze data, and use the resulting features to improve decision making. All these processes are applied by AI-enabled systems to reach out to the best desired outcome by applying the co-ordinated functioning of all the processes involved. It is clearly evident that AI is already making an impact on the world and accelerating human capabilities in efficient ways. AI is not only a contemporary vision, but rather something futuristic which is here today and being cultivated with and deployed into a range of different sectors. This technique of Artificial Intelligence is revolutionizing the entire working mechanism of world with its substantial decision making powers and abilities.