ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE FUTURE OF LEGAL PROFESSION

Introduction

AI is generally is considered as a machine which has an ability to respond to turn on accordant with traditional responses from humans, considering the human capacity for contemplation, judgment and decision making. According to many scholars and researchers, AI is a computer program system which can make decisions which normally require human level of intelligence and expertise and help people anticipate problems or deal with issues as they arise. Therefore, they function in an intelligent and an adaptive way.

Using the algorithms designed to form decisions using real-time data by AI-enabled systems make it a useful and futuristic technical function. Assisting sensors, digital data and remote inputs form a combination of information integrated from various sources, analyzing the situation instantly and ultimately act accordingly. It has also led to massive improvements in the storage systems, processing speeds, and analytic techniques which make it a tremendous option in analyzing and decision making.

Artificial Intelligence is a futuristic technology existing in even today’s life and has integrated a massive portion of industrial activities enhancing economic growth and technological development. Since it has been deployed in various sectors such as national security, health care, criminal justice, transportation and even finance, it is leading to augmentation of human abilities and capabilities in an essential manner. The major reason behind the expanding role of AI is the immense opportunities for economic development.

Artificial Intelligence and Legal Profession

AI has also found its way into the legal field by way of supporting lawyers and clients in significant manner. Application of Artificial Intelligence in legal profession is gradually transforming the profession by assisting in the work of paralegals, legal researchers, and litigators

The application of Artificial Intelligence into the legal field is being witnessed in following instances such as:
  • Due Diligence and Research
    Artificial techniques assist lawyers in order to perform due diligence and legal research. AI tools are being used by Legal Researchers in performing due diligence in order to uncover background information and conduct legal research on precedents and related case laws. This tedious and time consuming process can require extensive efforts from humans for comprehensive and accurate results but utilization of AI tools can perform the same task, without becoming prone to inaccuracy and mistakes, in an efficient way. It is also being assumed that AI tools will soon begin assisting the litigators and legal professionals in contracts review, extensive legal research and drafting assignments.
  • Legal Analytics
    AI techniques provide legal personnel with extra insights through legal analytics. Lawyers and other legal professionals can use AI techniques in integrating key points from previous case law and other precedents in order to determine the win/loss ratio in a specified circumstance or related facts and can also assist in identify a judge’s history in similar kinds of cases used for trends and patterns.
  • Legal Drafting
    AI tools are capable enough to enhance the creative processes like legal writing work. Many law firms and litigators are showing their dependency on the Artificial Intelligence techniques while preparing legal documents, legal drafts, filling out various legal documents based on data input. It can be assumed that soon AI techniques will eliminate human interference in writing and drafting assignments due to its accuracy and comprehensive outcomes
  • Intellectual Property
    AI tools have enough capability to guide law firms and independent lawyers in analyzing large IP portfolios. Intellectual Properties like copyrights, trademarks and specifically patents involve huge contribution of AI techniques for effective results. Since in today’s era, articles are being written by AI enabled software, music is being produced through AI programs, novels are being written by AI programs and even photography software are also being used, all these activities have a huge connection with the copyright laws. Similarly, many inventions can be pointed out where AI can be held accountable for its actions. So, we can say that AI is gradually attaining a like-status as a of legal person and it would be integral to determine that whether AI is capable enough to enforce its rights in case if they are conferred upon it by IP laws.
Conclusion

Since the field of law touches every aspect of the business world and has its involvement in almost everything that companies, firms or organizations do such as sale, purchase, partnerships, mergers, amalgamations or reorganizations, everything needs to be done legally and are enforceable through various legal agreements or contracts. Innovation might also come to a halt without a well-developed body of intellectual property law and its inter-linkage with the field of Artificial Intelligence. It has become very significant for the legal profession also to adopt the upcoming and new technological developments in order to successfully do all the legal activities involved across the various industries. It becomes more pertinent when it come to the field of Artificial Intelligence as it has the capability to transform the practice of law in dramatic ways.

With particular fields of law such as contract review, due diligence, legal research, intellectual property management and legal analytics stand out as very significant and eminent for the purpose of application of AI as a significant growth can be witnessed in these areas.

Hence, the future of legal profession seems to be completely interwoven with the field of Artificial Intelligence as its application and utilization across distinct industries show a significant growth and requires less involvement and interference of human intelligence.